Millions of individuals in their reproductive years are unable to conceive due to varied reasons. For most females, the infertility may come about due to ovulation disorders, overactive thyroid glands, chronic illnesses or poor egg quality whereas for men, testicular cancer, low sperm mobility and overheating of the testicles may lead to the same problem. Infertility can take a toll on a persons emotional well-being and even though some couples get depressed when they are unable to get a child, the good news is that there are currently very reliable treatment options provided in infertility clinics. Here are some of the processes most commonly applied in dealing with infertility:
Fertility drugs may be administered through an injection or taken in form of pills. These drugs are designed to release ovulation-inducing hormones. In addition, they also boost egg production so the uterus is more prepared for implantation. This treatment alternative is best suited for females whose partners have poor sperm quality. It can also work for women who ovulate irregularly. The main advantage of this option is that the drugs are low cost and convenient.
In using donor eggs, the eggs are collected from another woman and then fertilized by sperms from a recipients partner. The embryo is afterward implanted in the recipients womb in an infertility clinic. For a woman with damaged ovaries, this can be a good treatment alternative. Also, women with genetic disorders that they may not want passed to their children may go for this option. Similarly, older women can get help in conceiving by obtaining donor eggs. While this procedure is costly, it has quite high success rates. The downside however is that some recipients may not feel as attached to the child conceived since they may not be genetically linked to them.
Donor sperm involves obtaining sperm from an individual other that the targeted father and then using it to fertilize eggs from the mans partner, after which the embryo is placed in the womans uterus. For a couple in which the man has infertility issues, donor sperms can work best. Single women and men with undesirable genetic disorders can also go for this alternative if they want to have a child. An average of 15 % of the women who use donor sperms succeed at conceiving the first time round, though the number goes to 80 percent if the cycle is repeated up to 6 times.
In rare cases, both donor sperm and eggs may be applied particularly if both partners are infertile. This process may also be applied where the woman is unable to carry a child due to infertility, disease and other conditions. The main disadvantage of this is that couples may have to deal with many state laws on surrogacy and they may feel detached from the pregnancy as well.
Surrogacy involves having a different woman other than the intended mother carry a pregnancy to term. In this case, the surrogate mother goes through an artificial insemination procedure in an infertility clinic; and here, sperms from the male partner are used.
This article is copyright free.