A knee injury is considered one of the worst kinds of injuries because of the consequences that it bears. An injured knee can cause loss of mobility and also create a problem in sitting, standing and doing any regular work. Knee injuries are very common for sportsmen, especially the soccer players and basketball players who have a lot of footwork to do. Since these injuries are common, there has been a lot of research to determine new and improved ways of treating these injuries, and in the case of such injuries, which knee surgeon to use.
Knee injuries are of various types and magnitude. The treatment of various injuries depends on the magnitude of the injury and the extent to which the damage has been done. Various knee injuries include the breakage of the joint, joint dislocation, ligament tear which include anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), posterior cruciate ligament (PCL), medial collateral ligament (MCL) and Lateral collateral ligament (LCL) tear. There are many instances when a person is treated with nonsurgical methods while in the other situations; surgery is the only option that the knee surgeon has. Though surgery is mostly successful, there are many complications that can arise.
This is the complication which is considered to be the most dangerous, and for which the knee surgeon takes extra precautions. Blood clots may develop in the veins of your legs, and precautionary measures taken by your surgeon include implementing medication to thin your blood, using support stockings, lower leg exercises to increase the blood circulation in your legs and inflatable, massaging supports while you are still bed-ridden in the hospital. When you are released from the hospital, you will continue to take the blood thinners and you will be given several pairs of support stockings.
This is the most common risk with any of the surgical procedures you could have. There are many bacteria and other types of microorganisms that could enter the bloodstream during the surgery, and according to some studies almost 2% of patients who undergo knee surgery suffer from infection within the first two years. Measures to avoid such conditions include taking preventive antibiotics which help in fighting off the infections. After the wound is healed, it is important not to delay treatment of any other infection in your body as any untreated infection will travel through your body and attach itself to the weakest areas, including prostheses.
This is a complication which occurs when the bone next to the implant inside the knee breaks down. This occurs because of direct contact of components of the implant with the bone, contact between the components of the knee and the cement used to adhere the prosthesis to the bone.
Other common risks like allergic reactions due to the metal of the implants used, dislocation of the knee because of the wrong positioning of knee implant components and the moving or dislocation of the implant components due to falls, collisions and improper cementing can and do occur.
All of the aforementioned complications occur with some frequency in these cases and it is the duty of the knee surgeon to make sure that none of these conditions arise. With a little presence of mind and with the use of proper precautionary methods, one can easily avoid these conditions.
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