What are Cancer Risk Factors

According to the National Cancer Institute (NCI), the incidence and types of cancer are influenced by many factors such as age, sex, race, local environment, diet, and genetics. Some risk factors may be prevented while some may not. Also, cancer may develop due to a defective hip implant device, says the Telegraph. Recently, an article in the British Medical Journal discusses the unsafe history of metal-on-metal hip replacement devices. Hip surgeries are one of the most risky treatments. This surgery has been controversial due to possibility of hip device failure, such as the ones manufactured by DePuy Orthopaedics Inc., a subsidiary of Johnson & Johnson. Defective prostheses device, like the recalled DePuy hip replacement system, is one of the problems of these procedures. Close to two years after the hip recall began, the first DePuy ASR hip trials have been scheduled. Two hip replacement lawsuits will go before the juries of Nevada and Maryland state courts on December 3, 2012 and in January 2013, respectively. Both cases involve three recipients each of DePuy Orthopaedics recalled ASR hip replacements.

Recently, the Telegraph published an article about hip devices that allegedly caused cancer. The report somehow fit into the realization that cancer may develop from factors such as genetics, lifestyle, diet and physical activity, certain types of infections, environmental exposures to different types of chemicals, and radiation, according to the American Cancer Society.

A study funded by Cancer Research UK has estimated that a third of cancer cases in the UK are linked to smoking, alcohol, diet, or being overweight. For instance, studies suggest that people whose diet is high in fat have an increased risk of cancers of the colon, uterus, and prostate. Lack of physical activity and being overweight are risk factors for cancers of the breast, colon, esophagus, kidney, and uterus.Meanwhile, up to 85 percent of cancers may be prevented by avoiding environmental risk factors like smoking, sun exposure, alcohol abuse and poor nutrition. Age, race, gender and family history cannot be changed. However, being aware of your other risks can help in devising a prevention strategy with regular screenings and healthy lifestyle choices.

Medical experts have been unable to fully explain the reason why one person develops cancer and another does not. However, various studies show that certain risk factors increase the chance of developing it. Among these, NCI reported that the most common are developing certain hormones; family history of cancer; alcohol abuse; poor diet; lack of physical activity; obesity; unsafe sexual intercourse; aging; smoking; sun exposure; exposure to radiation and certain chemicals; and contact with viruses and bacteria.

Many cancer risk factors may be avoided, thus reducing the likelihood of developing it. Most cancer-related deaths each year are caused by lung, stomach, liver, colon, and breast cancer, reports the World Health Organization (WHO). Cancer caused by medical devices are due to metal toxicity, like the recalled DePuy hip replacement devices of DePuy Orthopaedics Inc. Based on a statistics published in 2009, cancer is a leading cause of death in most parts of the world. It accounted for 7.4 million deaths or around 13% in 2004. The increase in fatality count from cancer worldwide is estimated to continue, with some 12 million deaths projected in 2030.

The author of this article is a medical researcher and author with hip replacement issues as main topic. His current works mostly discusses the issues of recalled DePuy products as tackled on the website depuysettlements.com

This article is Copyright free.

Author: Kathleen Hennis

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